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Local Vets since 1949

Vaccination

There are a number of vaccines for cattle on the market. You need to develop a vaccine plan that incorporates what you need for your heard, when you should vaccinate and for which animals.

There are three types of vaccine, which are used differently. Live vaccines give long immunity with one dose, while inactivated vaccines need a booster dose to maintain immunity. Anti-toxins give immediate short-term immunity.

Commonly used vaccines for Cattle

  • Tick fever - one of the most common causes of loss in Queensland. There are three types of tick fever and vaccines are produced to protect cattle against all three. Tick fever vaccination should be used routinely with weaners, introduced stock or in non-affected cattle when an outbreak has occurred.
  • Clostridial diseases - include blackleg, malignant oedema, black disease, tetanus and enterotoxaemia. These are usually fatal diseases in unvaccinated stock. A `5 in 1' vaccine is commonly used but monovalent and bivalent vaccines are also available.
  • Botulism - a clostridial disease mostly associated with chewing bones and carrion in phosphate-deficient country, responsible for significant losses. For full protection, annual booster doses are required.
  • Leptospirosis - causes abortions, stillborn or weak calves, death in young calves and mastitis in dairy cows. Occurs in wetter areas with feral pig populations.
  • Campylobacteriosis (Vibriosis) - causes infertility and abortions. Vaccination may leave persistent lumps at site.
  • Ephemeral Fever - a viral disease transmitted by flying insects. It occurs in epidemics in the warmer months of the year.
  • Pestivirus – a viral disease which can cause early embryonic death, calf losses, diarrhoea and abortion.